Color on Canvas An Educational Exhibit consisting of Original Paintings supplementary to the "Ways of Seeing" Exhibition Worcester Art Museum COLOR ON CANVAS THIS is the first of a series of exhibitions prepared by the Educational Department of the Museum as a supplement to the Ways of Seeing exhibition. (For description of Ways of Seeing, turn to last section of this sheet.) Color on Canvas is an interpretive ex- hibition consisting of two main sections: 1. a group of paintings from the Museum's collections; and 2. a series of charts illus- trating the three-dimensional character of color. The exhibit aims to show how artists in the past used color, and how the scientific experiments in color and light of the nine- teenth and twentieth centuries gave impetus to a more serious study of color and in- fluenced the work of modern artists to such an extent that color took on a vastly more subtle significance. WORCESTER ART MUSEUM WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS SCIENCE CHARTS THE THREE-FOLD NATURE OF COLOR Physical i. Color is light 2. Objects absorb and reflect light 3. Color mixtures 4. Pigment versus light mixtures Physiological 5. Color vision — the eye 6. Evolution of the color sense Psychological 7. Color is sensation 8. Environment affects the appearance of colors PAINTINGS COLOR IDENTIFIES OBJECTS: SURFACE COLOR 1. Eleanor of Portugal Jan S. Van Hemessen, Flemish, 1500/4-1566 Surface colors are colors which are taken to be invariable and which help us to know our environment. They are the colors we ordinarily associate with objects; i.e., red apple, green grass. COLOR INTERPRETS NATURE: ATMOSPHERIC COLOR 2. Italian Landscape Jan Both, Dutch, 1610-1652 3. St. Tropez (Les Eucalyptus) Pierre Bonnard, French, 1867- Atmospheric or film color is the color of the empty space between ourselves and objects. It does not represent any fixed quality of color, but affects the appearance of objects in space. COLOR CREATES FORM: STRUCTURAL COLOR 4. Landscape Paul Cezanne, French, 1839-1906 Structural color represents the power of color to create an illusion of solidity. COLOR USED AS DECORATION 5. The Goldfish Bowl Henri Matisse, French, 1869- Decorative color is color used for color's sake in order to create certain visual sensations. COLOR EXPRESSES MOOD: PSYCHOLOGICAL COLOR 6. La Femme Accroupie Paul Gauguin, French, 1848-1903 Psychological color implies the use of color to express human moods and emotions. "WAYS OF SEEING" Ways of Seeing, an experiment in visual education, was designed by Lee Simonson, and made possible through a grant by the Carnegie Corporation of New York. This exhibition demonstrates for the lay- man the elements common to all visual arts — line, form and color. This is done through a series of dioramas and reproduc- tions which are explained by means of mod- ulated loud speakers, in place of the customary written labels. In method of presentation, Ways of Seeing follows the technique em- ployed in the Futurama and General Motors Exhibition at the New York World's Fair. There are three main divisions. The first demonstrates how an artist can express himself with line alone; the second section shows the various ways in which an artist makes use of tone, contrasts of light and shade defining form; the third section deals with color and its effect on the pictorial rendering of form and space. Color on Canvas follows the concluding section of Ways of Seeing. WAYS OF SEEINQ is open to the Public daily at half hour intervals from z. 00-4.50 p.m. and at other times by appointment.